The tetanus vaccine, which is only found in combination with other vaccines such as Td or Tdap, is an immunization that helps prevent tetanus, a dangerous infection caused by toxins produced by the Clostridium tetani bacteria. Tetanus symptoms typically include painful muscle stiffness and spasms, and it can be life-threatening. The vaccine stimulates the body’s immune response to produce antibodies that neutralize the toxins released by the tetanus bacteria.
Tetanus vaccine and related immunizations contain the diphtheria toxoid, tetanus toxoid, and sometimes attenuated pertussis bacteria, or specific pertussis antigens. While Td (tetanus and diphtheria) and Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis) are the most common administered to children at least 7 years old, adolescents and adults, additional types of tetanus vaccines include:
- DTaP: a vaccine given to infants and children under 7 years of age to provide protection against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (whooping cough).
- DT: a vaccine that provides protection against diphtheria and tetanus, typically administered to children under 7 years of age who should not receive a vaccine with pertussis.
- DTP-Hib: a vaccine that provides protection against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, and Haemophilus influenzae type b, which can cause severe infections in young children.
While the tetanus vaccine is usually safe, it is important to be aware of its potential side effects, possible reactions, and vaccine injury.
If a tetanus vaccine injury does occur, it may be covered under the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP). Sands Anderson attorneys can represent you, at no cost to you.
What is the Tetanus Vaccine Used For?
The tetanus vaccine is primarily used to protect individuals from contracting tetanus, a bacterial infection that enters the body through open wounds or cuts. Tetanus spores are commonly found in soil, dust, and animal feces, and they can enter the body and cause infection when there’s open wounds.
The vaccine is recommended for people of all ages, and it is especially important for individuals who have suffered puncture wounds, deep cuts, or any other injuries that may increase your risk of developing tetanus.
Important Tetanus Vaccine Information
The most important information about the tetanus vaccine includes:
- The vaccine is typically administered as part of the Td (tetanus and diphtheria) vaccine or the Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis) vaccine.
- Td is a booster shot given every 10 years to maintain immunity against tetanus and diphtheria.
- Tdap is a one-time booster that also provides protection against pertussis, also known as whooping cough.
- It is generally recommended for adolescents and adults to receive a single dose of Tdap to replace one Td booster to ensure protection against pertussis.
- The tetanus vaccines are considered safe during pregnancy. Tdap is often recommended to protect both the mother and the newborn against tetanus and pertussis.
If you have experienced a tetanus vaccine injury, take our free quiz to see if you’re eligible for compensation.
Other Names for the Tetanus Vaccine
There are other names used to refer to the tetanus vaccine, such as:
- Tetanus toxoid vaccine
- Lockjaw vaccine
What are Some Possible Side Effects and Reactions?
Common side effects of the tetanus vaccine are typically mild and temporary, including:
- Soreness, redness, or swelling at the injection site
- Fatigue or tiredness
- Low-grade fever
More serious side effects include:
- Allergic reactions
- Shoulder injury related to vaccine administration (SIRVA)
- Nerve damage
- Autoimmune disorders
- Brain conditions
It is important to seek medical attention if you develop symptoms after receiving a tetanus vaccine.
If you have any concerns or questions about the tetanus vaccines, consult with your healthcare provider.
How We Can Help with Your Tetanus Vaccine Injury Claim
Tetanus vaccine injuries may be serious, and you might be eligible for compensation under the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP).
Sands Anderson vaccine injury attorneys have the skills and experience to file your claim for you and maximize your compensation. We help you every step of the way, at no cost to you.
Look to us for personalized services, geared to your specific injury and situation. And our attorney who is also a physician can advise you about medical help you may need.